Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with listening to preferred music alters cortical speech processing in older adults

Frontiers in Neuroscience, 16(884130), 1-13.

Gavin Bidelman, Ricky Chow, Alix Noly-Gandon, Jennifer Ryan, Karen Bell, Rose Rizzi, Claude Alain
Publication Date
2022
Website
Publication information

In a randomized sham-controlled crossover study, we measured how combined transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) paired with listening to autobiographically salient music alters the neural processing of speech in older adults. tDCS neurostimulation improved working memory pre- to post-session and was associated with better speech-in-noise listening skills. The findings provide new causal evidence that combined tDCS+music (i) modulates the early (100–150 ms) cortical encoding of speech and (ii) improves working memory, a cognitive skill which may indirectly bolster noise-degraded speech perception in older listeners.

Citation

Bidelman, G. M., Chow, R., Noly-Gandon, A., Ryan, J. D., Bell, K. L., Rizzi, R., and Alain, C. (2022). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with listening to preferred music alters cortical speech processing in older adults<https://bidelman.lab.indiana.edu/pdfs/frontiers22b.pdf>. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 16(884130), 1-13